WordPress is not just a simple platform to run a blog anymore; over the years, WordPress has evolved in one of the most popular Content Management Systems (CMS) available to users today. 28% of websites around the world currently run on WordPress: companies of all sizes use it to create their online presence, major news outlets, large businesses, and small businesses alike.
Hopefully, if you or a friend are considering creating a WordPress website, it doesn’t seem like such a daunting task anymore. Remember: With the right host, it can be as simple as a few dollars at signup, one-click installation, and a few minutes of customizing your choice of theme and adding some content before pressing publish. Now you know what we were thinking when we declared the best WordPress host on the market — so, who’s the best WP host for you?
In our experience, some web hosts are great at hosting WordPress sites, and some are simply not. Our team signed up for and tested every major hosting service to determine which was best for hosting WordPress — analyzing everything from installation, WP-specific tools, pricing, reliability, and a ton of other factors.  Below are the top hosts that earned our trust:

For more than a decade, Jeffrey L. Wilson has penned gadget- and video game-related nerd-copy for a variety of publications, including 1UP, 2D-X, The Cask, Laptop, LifeStyler, Parenting, Sync, Wise Bread, and WWE. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to PCMag as Senior Analyst. When he isn't staring at a monitor (or two) and churning out web hosting, music, utilities, and video game copy, Jeffrey makes comic books, mentors, practices bass and Jeet Kune Do, and appears on the odd podcasts or convention panel. He also collects vinyl and greatly enjoys a craft brew. You can a find Jeffrey online at jeffreylwilson.net, or send him a tweet at @jeffreylwilson


Often overlooked, web hosting is one of the key components of every successful website. Choosing the best WordPress hosting for your needs can improve your SEO and increase sales. There are various different types of WordPress hosting options available such as Free, Shared, VPS, Dedicated, and managed WordPress hosting. In this guide, we will help you choose the best WordPress hosting for your website.
Graham Norton United Kingdom Carnal Knowledge (1996), Bring Me the Head of Light Entertainment (1997–98), Strictly Dance Fever (2005–06), The Generation Game (2005), How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria? (2006), The Big Finish with Graham Norton (2006), When Will I Be Famous? (2007), Any Dream Will Do (2007), Eurovision Dance Contest (2007–08), The One and Only (2008), I'd Do Anything (2008), Eurovision: Your Country Needs You (2009–10), Totally Saturday (2009), Over the Rainbow (2010), Let It Shine (2017)
Increasing margin pressure has compelled many resellers to seek profit beyond the traditional product fulfillment business model. A reseller that offers services beyond order fulfillment is called a valued-added reseller (VAR). An IT VAR, for instance, may provide consulting and professional services, such as systems implementation, in addition to product resale. A software VAR, meanwhile, may provide software asset management services in addition to product fulfillment.
There are two main factors that make a dedicated server different from a cloud instance. Firstly, the machine's raw performance is different: there is no virtualisation layer consuming resources on a dedicated server, so you are guaranteed full use of the physical resources. The second difference concerns the level of server administration. With a dedicated server, you manage everything from its configuration to the data hosted on it, and you are also responsible for ensuring that it is secure. It will therefore give you the option of a more advanced installation, which is essential for the use of certain business applications (for example). The main benefit of a dedicated solution is the total freedom you enjoy as a user. However, if you would like to avoid technical management and concentrate solely on your web project, then OVH Public Cloud instances are the best solution for you. Just need to build a simple website? Take a look at our shared hosting solutions, which offer you a hosting platform at an unbeatable cost, with the configuration fully managed by OVH. 

Hosted Games has a new game for you to play! Defeat the rampaging demon horde, save the Kingdom of Daria, and avenge the death of your parents in the thrilling conclusion to this epic three part series! You’ll need all the power you can muster to finish building your legend, tapping into any of the dozen new prestige classes, including Druid of Decay, Dragon Knight, and even fighting the demons with their own fire by becoming a Demon Master! The Lost Heir 3: Demon War is a 250,000-word interactive fantasy novel by Mike Walter—the conclusion to the trilogy—where your choices
Well, you went over speed and pricing but what about security. Who has the best overall when security is figured in. I ask because one of the ones you have listed I am on and they didn’t catch the websites being hacked I have 17 websites with code in them, they didn’t catch. It looks like bitcoin mining to me. See I keep asking why my website was loading so slow and they keep saying it was because they were not optimized right. Now the same sites were loading in 1.6 seconds to 1.8. Now they were taking 6.5 to 8 and even 9 seconds to load. THey cost me a great deal of time and money over this and even my backups are junk. I add this also they never found the problem till I personally found the problem and pointed it out. Needless to say, I am done with them…
Graham Norton United Kingdom Carnal Knowledge (1996), Bring Me the Head of Light Entertainment (1997–98), Strictly Dance Fever (2005–06), The Generation Game (2005), How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria? (2006), The Big Finish with Graham Norton (2006), When Will I Be Famous? (2007), Any Dream Will Do (2007), Eurovision Dance Contest (2007–08), The One and Only (2008), I'd Do Anything (2008), Eurovision: Your Country Needs You (2009–10), Totally Saturday (2009), Over the Rainbow (2010), Let It Shine (2017)
At ServerPronto, we are committed to providing the best speed, reliability, and value in the dedicated server business. This means constant innovation to deliver the highest performing network and customer control at the lowest price available. Whether you are using your server for web development, tinkering, email, photos, gaming, reselling, or all of the above and more, we strive to deliver a world-class product. 

Bottom line, managed WordPress hosting is hassle free fast WordPress hosting with high-quality support from staff with lots of WordPress experience. While all this sounds amazing, the plans for managed WordPress hosting is usually on the higher end of the scale. For example a personal account with a popular managed WordPress hosting provider costs $29/month where you can only host 1 site (getting maximum of 25,000 visitors per month). The next level higher where you are allowed multiple domains will cost you $99/month. A person starting out a blog cannot afford this.
Wink Martindale United States What's This Song? (1964–65), Can You Top This? (1970), Words and Music (1970–71), Gambit/Las Vegas Gambit (1972–78 & 1980–81), The New Tic Tac Dough/Tic Tac Dough (1978–86), Headline Chasers (1985–86), The New High Rollers (1987–88), The Last Word (1989–90), Great Getaway Game (1990–91), Trivial Pursuit (1993–94), Boggle (1994), Shuffle (1994), Debt (1996–98), Instant Recall (2010)
DreamHost has been committed to WordPress and its community for over 10 years. Our hosting platforms are optimized for WordPress and our team actively contributes to the WordPress community. At DreamHost, you take total control of your server or let our team of experts handle everything for you. DreamHost offers choice, performance and value for new users and experts alike.
Most companies charge much more for WordPress hosting than shared web hosting, but not HostPapa! Our WordPress hosting is exactly the same price as our shared web hosting plans, even with all the added WordPress features included. We take care of everything: your WordPress website is optimized, fast, and always up to date and protected with the latest security patches, letting you focus on what matters most - creating content and building your business!
This is Part 2 of a 3-part series of posts about First Year Demons. In the first part, I talked about games in education, and why ChoiceScript games can be a good method for teaching about culture. In this part, I’ll talk about how we decided on the setting and story for First Year Demons. Choosing a Culture and Story The people who would be playing these games to learn the information contained in them would primarily be university students in the US and Canada. Therefore, we took North American culture as our “home” culture. We decided that the contrast

iPage also offers “WordPress” hosting. They have 2 WordPress plans which cost $3.75/month and $6.95/month(renew at $7.49 and $10.49/mo respectively), both plans come with a free domain name for 1 year. iPage main goal is to ensure the best possible experience, from registration to customer support. They are more aimed towards beginners as their $6.95/mo plan comes with “expert” WordPress support.

Well ultimately it comes down to how comfortable you are with managing a website. But even if you’ve handled the install process for a WordPress site before, and you know how to update everything on a regular basis, we make managing WordPress easy. Don’t stress about doing all the heavy lifting and let us do it for you. When it comes down to it, WordPress Hosting just makes your life easier. And isn’t that worth the cost?
To maintain secure WordPress hosting, it’s important to keep your WP software version up to date, install and update plugins with caution, and use some form of site encryption service. Some hosts will include basic SSL certificates in certain plans, or you can sign up for the level of security you’d like with services like Symantec or The SSL Store.

Journey through Space and uncover the secrets of the asteroid Zebulon! Pilot a spacecraft with two loyal sidekicks and your pet goldfish Henry. Travel to the Moon, meet some interesting characters, and then blast off to the Asteroid Belt. Along the way make the right choices to discover the secrets of Zebulon and your own past. If Douglas Adams had written a multiple-choice gamebook, it might not be entirely unlike this!
To maintain secure WordPress hosting, it’s important to keep your WP software version up to date, install and update plugins with caution, and use some form of site encryption service. Some hosts will include basic SSL certificates in certain plans, or you can sign up for the level of security you’d like with services like Symantec or The SSL Store.
Their cheapest WordPress hosting plan starts from $0.80/month with a 48-month commitment and renews at $2.15/month. This plan includes 100GB bandwidth and 10GB storage which is optimal for a smaller WordPress website. Furthermore, 1 email account is included in all of their plans as well as a free SSL certificate. Additional CDN is not included. And if you’re not satisfied with their service, you can get a full refund until 30 days from the signup.
WordPress is an uber-popular content management system that powers more than 32 percent of the world wide web. Its success is understandable; WordPress is easy to use, and it boasts an incredible library of themes and plug-ins that enhance your site in many ways. In fact, WordPress is the foundation for millions of websites, from personal pages to big brand online destinations, such as Bloomberg and The New Yorker. If you're thinking about building a website and don't want to code it from scratch, WordPress is the way to go.
Eric Moser, author of Community College Hero: Trial by Fire, is offering readers a free (non-interactive) 2,500-word short story, titled “A Very Stoic Christmas.” The events in the short story involve the character Stoic and take place on an evening several days after the conclusion of Trial by Fire but before the events of Community College Hero 2: Knowledge is Power, currently in development. The events in the story are canon, but spoilers for the sequel are minimal. The story also includes cover art by Adrienne Valdes, the official artist for the sequel. To receive the free short story, just
Increasing margin pressure has compelled many resellers to seek profit beyond the traditional product fulfillment business model. A reseller that offers services beyond order fulfillment is called a valued-added reseller (VAR). An IT VAR, for instance, may provide consulting and professional services, such as systems implementation, in addition to product resale. A software VAR, meanwhile, may provide software asset management services in addition to product fulfillment.
WordPress® is a blog- and web-publishing platform that's not only easy to use, but recognized the world over as a standard in website creation. With its focus on aesthetics, web standards and usability, WordPress is an open-source platform that lets you manage everything from a small personal blog to a large commercial site with hundreds of pages. Hundreds of thousands of sites trust their online presence to WordPress — and with WordPress Hosting from GoDaddy, you can, too.
The vast majority of WordPress users fall into the shared hosting pool. Shared hosting just means that you are sharing space on a server with other customers. Naturally, this saves you tremendous money and time setting up and managing a server. InMotion Hosting, SiteGround, and Bluehost WordPress hosting are among the most popular offerings for this market.
We don’t limit the amount of visitor traffic a website can receive or the amount of content you can upload to your website so long as you comply with our Terms of Service. If your website demands resources that present a risk to the stability, performance, or uptime of our servers, we will notify you to take corrective action and may restrict the resources or ask you to choose a plan more suitable to your needs.
There are free web hosting available, but almost all of them have some sort of catch. Usually, you can find free WordPress hosting being offered in online forums or small groups. In most cases, these are managed by an individual who is reselling a small part of his server space to cover up some revenue. Often the catch is that you have to put their banner ads on the site. Some may ask you to put a text link in the footer of your site. These folks will sell that banner ad or text link to cover up the cost of your free space along with pocketing the profits. The biggest downside of having a free host aside from the ads is that they are unreliable. You never know when this person will stop offering the free service. They can leave you hanging at any time. If you are serious about your website or business, then avoid Free WordPress hosting at all costs.
So everything is perfect the games the set up the menus all of it the only one thing that gets me really really to the point of raging quitting deleting the thing and then re-downloading the app the next day is the fact that once you choose an option something bad happens and the other is checkpoint in the game however there are no buttons that say reload last checkpoint and that really really bothers me because then I have to restart even if I’m in the middle of the game and if I want a perfect game which I do sorry for you now I would love to have a reload last check. Maybe it’s because there’s something wrong with the coding or something that you can’t get it to happen like that but I would love to have something like that.
Resellers may operate in a range of industries within the IT sector. In hosting, for example, a web hosting reseller purchases services from a larger hosting provider and resells the services to customers. In addition, a reseller may purchase and resell access to servers in a hosting or colocation facility. In this context, the reseller acts as a retailer of sorts, acquiring and reselling services from hosting and internet services firms acting as wholesalers.
Managed services may cost you a bit of a premium, but the best managed WordPress hosting providers are worth every penny. You won’t realize how much you want that extra level of support until something goes wrong. If your site going down due to expected or unexpected reasons would be detrimental, and if you don’t have the technical expertise to get things back on track, I’d highly recommend looking into managed hosting. Consider it an investment in peace of mind.
HostingAdvice.com is a free online resource that offers valuable content and comparison services to users. To keep this resource 100% free for users, we receive advertising compensation from the hosts listed on this page. Along with key review factors, this compensation may impact how and where hosts appear on the page (including, for example, the order in which they appear). HostingAdvice.com does not include listings for all web hosts.
Wink Martindale United States What's This Song? (1964–65), Can You Top This? (1970), Words and Music (1970–71), Gambit/Las Vegas Gambit (1972–78 & 1980–81), The New Tic Tac Dough/Tic Tac Dough (1978–86), Headline Chasers (1985–86), The New High Rollers (1987–88), The Last Word (1989–90), Great Getaway Game (1990–91), Trivial Pursuit (1993–94), Boggle (1994), Shuffle (1994), Debt (1996–98), Instant Recall (2010)

HostGator hosts over 8 million domains and is one of the most popular web hosts in the industry. With 1-click WordPress installation, 99.9% up time guarantee, and 24/7 support, it's a smart choice for every website owner. We consider them one of the best web hosting for businesses. They're offering our readers an exclusive 62% off discount, a free domain name, and free SSL certificate.
The WordPress user demographics vary wildly from a first-time site owner to an enterprise-grade business owner. The former end of the spectrum will probably opt for shared WordPress hosting, while the enterprise folks may need dedicated resources to support their organization’s WordPress site. Here, we compare factors that make for the best hosting for shared, virtual, and dedicated servers using WordPress.
WordPress is not just a simple platform to run a blog anymore; over the years, WordPress has evolved in one of the most popular Content Management Systems (CMS) available to users today. 28% of websites around the world currently run on WordPress: companies of all sizes use it to create their online presence, major news outlets, large businesses, and small businesses alike.
So everything is perfect the games the set up the menus all of it the only one thing that gets me really really to the point of raging quitting deleting the thing and then re-downloading the app the next day is the fact that once you choose an option something bad happens and the other is checkpoint in the game however there are no buttons that say reload last checkpoint and that really really bothers me because then I have to restart even if I’m in the middle of the game and if I want a perfect game which I do sorry for you now I would love to have a reload last check. Maybe it’s because there’s something wrong with the coding or something that you can’t get it to happen like that but I would love to have something like that.
Wink Martindale United States What's This Song? (1964–65), Can You Top This? (1970), Words and Music (1970–71), Gambit/Las Vegas Gambit (1972–78 & 1980–81), The New Tic Tac Dough/Tic Tac Dough (1978–86), Headline Chasers (1985–86), The New High Rollers (1987–88), The Last Word (1989–90), Great Getaway Game (1990–91), Trivial Pursuit (1993–94), Boggle (1994), Shuffle (1994), Debt (1996–98), Instant Recall (2010)
Alexandra Leslie’s interest in website administration was sparked in her teens, priming her for a fast-paced career in managing, building, and contributing to online brands, including HostingAdvice, Forbes, and the blogs of prominent hosting providers. She brings to the table firsthand experience in reviewing web hosts, perfecting website design, optimizing content, and walking site owners through the steps that add up to a successful online presence. Today, she combines her extensive writing experience with technical understanding to unpack some of the most complex topics that daunt novice website owners, as well as the subjects that excite veteran technologists within the HostingAdvice readership.

Managed WordPress builds upon optimized WordPress hosting in a few key areas. Your website will be assigned a customer support squad that isn't just super-knowledgeable in all things WordPress, but one that also ensures that you don't have to ever worry about going into your site's back end to do anything other than create content. Managed WordPress hosts typically offer site-staging for posts and pages so that you can test them before they go live, automatic malware detection and removal, and enhanced security, too.
Deploy complex applications, streaming media, high-end e-mail solutions, or just host multiple sites on one machine. Whatever your needs, all our solutions are provided on a world-class network connection and include 24x7 monitoring of the server and network availability. Our unmanaged dedicated servers provide you with full remote server administration capability and freedom.
Deploy complex applications, streaming media, high-end e-mail solutions, or just host multiple sites on one machine. Whatever your needs, all our solutions are provided on a world-class network connection and include 24x7 monitoring of the server and network availability. Our unmanaged dedicated servers provide you with full remote server administration capability and freedom.
For more than a decade, Jeffrey L. Wilson has penned gadget- and video game-related nerd-copy for a variety of publications, including 1UP, 2D-X, The Cask, Laptop, LifeStyler, Parenting, Sync, Wise Bread, and WWE. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to PCMag as Senior Analyst. When he isn't staring at a monitor (or two) and churning out web hosting, music, utilities, and video game copy, Jeffrey makes comic books, mentors, practices bass and Jeet Kune Do, and appears on the odd podcasts or convention panel. He also collects vinyl and greatly enjoys a craft brew. You can a find Jeffrey online at jeffreylwilson.net, or send him a tweet at @jeffreylwilson
Before you sign up for a WordPress web hosting service, you should look for these attractive—and possibly essential—features. Ideally, you'll want to invest in a WordPress host that provides unlimited monthly data transfers, email, storage, and 24/7 support. Many WordPress web hosts that place caps on those features, particularly on the managed side of things. WP Engine ($35.00 - 20% Off with Promo Code PCMAG20 at WP Engine) , for example, limits sites to 400,000 visitors and a relatively paltry 30GB of storage. If you expect lots of site growth, you'll want a host that can properly accommodate your website's future expansion.
SiteGround is one of the most popular and highest rated hosting provider in the WordPress community. They provide unique in-house WordPress speed and security solutions to make your site as fast and secure as possible. They are known for the best 24/7 support in the industry which is why they're an official 'WordPress' recommended hosting provider. This is also why we use SiteGround for hosting the WPBeginner website. SiteGround features include automatic upgrades, built-in WP caching, CDN, one-click staging and GIT version control. They are also one of the few companies offering location specific hosting with 3 data centers in USA, Europe, and Asia. On top of all this, they have а special 70% discount for WPBeginner readers.
At this time, if you live or work in a country without a tax treaty with the United States, we ask that you contact us at [email protected] before submitting a Hosted Game. Prospective authors for Choice of Games who are residents of countries without tax treaties with the United States should also let us know that at the beginning of the process.  Canada, Mexico, most Western European countries, many Asian countries, and some African and Latin American countries have a tax treaty with the U.S. See full list here: https://www.irs.gov/businesses/international-businesses/united-states-income-tax-treaties-A-to-Z
SiteGround is one of the most popular and highest rated hosting provider in the WordPress community. They provide unique in-house WordPress speed and security solutions to make your site as fast and secure as possible. They are known for the best 24/7 support in the industry which is why they're an official 'WordPress' recommended hosting provider. This is also why we use SiteGround for hosting the WPBeginner website. SiteGround features include automatic upgrades, built-in WP caching, CDN, one-click staging and GIT version control. They are also one of the few companies offering location specific hosting with 3 data centers in USA, Europe, and Asia. On top of all this, they have а special 70% discount for WPBeginner readers.
For example, this occurs where individuals or companies act as agents for ICANN accredited registrars. They either sell on commission or for profit and in most cases, but not all, the purchase from the registrar and the sale to the ultimate buyer occurs in real time. These resellers are not to be confused with speculators, who purchase many domain names with the intention of holding them and selling them at some future time at a profit. Resellers, by the very nature of their business are retailers, not wholesalers. It is not unheard of for online pawn shops like iPawn to also act as a reseller, and purchase rather than loan against valuables. Online auction and classifieds websites, such as those owned by eBay Inc. and Craigslist provide services for resellers to sell their goods and services. However although resellers are indeed retailers it does not follow that retailers are resellers.
Hey Caroline, WordPress.com is a bit of a different animal because you don’t run a self-hosted WordPress site on there. That means, you can’t install all the plugins you might want to (especially on lower plans, where you can’t install plugins at all) and overall have less control over your site than with a self-hosted site. That’s why we didn’t include it in this list. For more information, I recommend this article: https://websitesetup.org/wordpress-com-vs-wordpress-org/
A subcategory of reseller is a web operative who will buy a large amount of hosting space from an Internet service provider (ISP) and then resell some of this space to clients. Their hosting is often managed through a virtual private server (VPS) which allows them, through a control panel, to administer bandwidth, databases, passwords etc., for the client.
There are free web hosting available, but almost all of them have some sort of catch. Usually, you can find free WordPress hosting being offered in online forums or small groups. In most cases, these are managed by an individual who is reselling a small part of his server space to cover up some revenue. Often the catch is that you have to put their banner ads on the site. Some may ask you to put a text link in the footer of your site. These folks will sell that banner ad or text link to cover up the cost of your free space along with pocketing the profits. The biggest downside of having a free host aside from the ads is that they are unreliable. You never know when this person will stop offering the free service. They can leave you hanging at any time. If you are serious about your website or business, then avoid Free WordPress hosting at all costs. 

WordPress.org references the open-source (free) software that can be downloaded and installed pretty easily, particularly if you have a web host that makes this process a breeze. Self-hosted WordPress allows you to capitalize on the robust offerings of the established content management system, plus the potential for more features, such as a free domain, unlimited email accounts, marketing credits, and expert support).
Well ultimately it comes down to how comfortable you are with managing a website. But even if you’ve handled the install process for a WordPress site before, and you know how to update everything on a regular basis, we make managing WordPress easy. Don’t stress about doing all the heavy lifting and let us do it for you. When it comes down to it, WordPress Hosting just makes your life easier. And isn’t that worth the cost?
There are free web hosting available, but almost all of them have some sort of catch. Usually, you can find free WordPress hosting being offered in online forums or small groups. In most cases, these are managed by an individual who is reselling a small part of his server space to cover up some revenue. Often the catch is that you have to put their banner ads on the site. Some may ask you to put a text link in the footer of your site. These folks will sell that banner ad or text link to cover up the cost of your free space along with pocketing the profits. The biggest downside of having a free host aside from the ads is that they are unreliable. You never know when this person will stop offering the free service. They can leave you hanging at any time. If you are serious about your website or business, then avoid Free WordPress hosting at all costs. 

Our site is committed to publishing independent, accurate content guided by strict editorial guidelines. Before articles and reviews are published on our site, they undergo a thorough review process performed by a team of independent editors and subject-matter experts to ensure the content’s accuracy, timeliness, and impartiality. Our editorial team is separate and independent of our site’s advertisers, and the opinions they express on our site are their own. To read more about our team members and their editorial backgrounds, please visit our site’s About page.
To maintain secure WordPress hosting, it’s important to keep your WP software version up to date, install and update plugins with caution, and use some form of site encryption service. Some hosts will include basic SSL certificates in certain plans, or you can sign up for the level of security you’d like with services like Symantec or The SSL Store.

For more than a decade, Jeffrey L. Wilson has penned gadget- and video game-related nerd-copy for a variety of publications, including 1UP, 2D-X, The Cask, Laptop, LifeStyler, Parenting, Sync, Wise Bread, and WWE. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to PCMag as Senior Analyst. When he isn't staring at a monitor (or two) and churning out web hosting, music, utilities, and video game copy, Jeffrey makes comic books, mentors, practices bass and Jeet Kune Do, and appears on the odd podcasts or convention panel. He also collects vinyl and greatly enjoys a craft brew. You can a find Jeffrey online at jeffreylwilson.net, or send him a tweet at @jeffreylwilson


Well ultimately it comes down to how comfortable you are with managing a website. But even if you’ve handled the install process for a WordPress site before, and you know how to update everything on a regular basis, we make managing WordPress easy. Don’t stress about doing all the heavy lifting and let us do it for you. When it comes down to it, WordPress Hosting just makes your life easier. And isn’t that worth the cost?


Note that we're speaking here of the WordPress.org CMS that acts as the foundation for your self-hosted website, not WordPress.com. The latter CMS has more in common with website builders than traditional website hosting. In effect, WordPress.com is a turnkey (and more limited) WordPress solution, whereas the services in this roundup offer a vastly more flexible (and labor-intensive) DIY approach.
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